Haemorrhoids and Diet: Foods to Eat and Avoid

Haemorrhoids and Diet: Foods to Eat and Avoid

Understanding Haemorrhoids

Haemorrhoids, also known as piles, are swollen veins in the lower rectum and anus. They can be internal, occurring inside the rectum, or external, appearing under the skin around the anus. Haemorrhoids can cause discomfort, itching, pain, and bleeding, especially during bowel movements. While various factors contribute to the development of haemorrhoids, diet plays a crucial role in both prevention and management. This article explores the foods to eat and avoid to help manage haemorrhoids.

Foods to Eat

High-Fiber Foods
A diet rich in fiber is essential for maintaining regular bowel movements and preventing constipation, which can exacerbate hemorrhoids. Fiber adds bulk to the stool, making it easier to pass and reducing the strain on hemorrhoidal veins. Aim for 25-30 grams of fiber per day from a variety of sources, including:

Fruits: Apples, pears, berries, and bananas are excellent sources of fiber. Consuming fruits with the skin on adds extra fiber.

Vegetables: Leafy greens, carrots, broccoli, and Brussels sprouts are fiber-rich and promote digestive health.

Whole Grains: Oats, brown rice, quinoa, whole wheat bread, and barley provide substantial fiber.

Legumes: Beans, lentils, chickpeas, and peas are not only high in fiber but also rich in protein and other nutrients.

Nuts and Seeds: Almonds, chia seeds, flaxseeds, and sunflower seeds contribute to your daily fiber intake.
Hydrating Foods and Fluids

Staying hydrated is critical for preventing constipation and ensuring soft stools. Dehydration can lead to hard, dry stools that are difficult to pass, increasing the risk of hemorrhoid flare-ups. In addition to drinking plenty of water, incorporate hydrating foods into your diet:
Water-Rich Fruits and Vegetables: Cucumbers, watermelon, celery, and oranges help maintain hydration levels.

Herbal Teas: Chamomile, peppermint, and ginger teas can soothe the digestive tract and promote hydration.

Probiotic-Rich Foods
Probiotics support a healthy gut microbiome, which can improve digestion and prevent constipation. Including probiotic-rich foods in your diet can aid in maintaining regular bowel movements:

Yogurt: Choose plain, unsweetened yogurt with live and active cultures.

Kefir: A fermented milk drink that is rich in probiotics.

Sauerkraut and Kimchi: Fermented vegetables that provide beneficial bacteria.

Miso and Tempeh: Fermented soy products that enhance gut health.

Healthy Fats
Incorporating healthy fats into your diet can aid in digestion and reduce inflammation. Healthy fats can be found in:

Olive Oil: Use as a salad dressing or cooking oil.

Avocado: Adds fiber and healthy fats to your meals.

Fatty Fish: Salmon, mackerel, and sardines provide omega-3 fatty acids, which have anti-inflammatory properties.

Nuts and Seeds: In addition to fiber, they provide essential fatty acids.

Foods to Avoid

Low-Fiber Foods
A diet low in fiber can lead to constipation and worsen hemorrhoid symptoms. Avoid foods that are low in fiber and high in refined carbohydrates, such as:

White Bread and Pasta: Opt for whole grain alternatives instead.

Processed Foods: Snack foods, frozen meals, and fast food are often low in fiber and high in unhealthy fats and sugars.

Sweets and Desserts: Limit cakes, cookies, pastries, and other sugary treats.

Spicy Foods
Spicy foods can irritate the digestive tract and worsen hemorrhoid symptoms. If you are prone to hemorrhoids, it is best to avoid or limit foods like:

Hot Peppers: Jalapeños, habaneros, and other spicy peppers.

Spicy Sauces: Hot sauce, sriracha, and chili-based condiments.

Alcohol and Caffeine
Both alcohol and caffeine can lead to dehydration, which can contribute to constipation and strain during bowel movements. It is advisable to reduce or eliminate:

Alcoholic Beverages: Beer, wine, and spirits.

Caffeinated Drinks: Coffee, tea, and energy drinks.

Red Meat
Red meat can be difficult to digest and often lacks fiber. Consuming large amounts of red meat can slow down digestion and lead to constipation. Try to limit:

Beef, Pork, and Lamb: Choose lean cuts and eat in moderation.

Dairy Products
Some people find that dairy products can contribute to constipation and digestive discomfort. If you are sensitive to dairy, consider reducing your intake of:

Milk, Cheese, and Ice Cream: Opt for plant-based alternatives if needed.
Additional Tips for Managing Hemorrhoids

In addition to dietary changes, certain lifestyle adjustments can help manage and prevent haemorrhoids:

Regular Exercise: Physical activity promotes healthy digestion and reduces the risk of constipation. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise most days of the week.

Healthy Bathroom Habits: Avoid straining during bowel movements and do not delay the urge to go. Consider using a stool to elevate your feet while sitting on the toilet to facilitate easier bowel movements.

Warm Baths: Soaking in a warm bath for 15-20 minutes can help relieve hemorrhoid symptoms.

Proper Hydration: Drink at least 8 glasses of water a day to keep stools soft and prevent dehydration.
Treatment and medication

Symptoms usually go away on their own. Your doctor’s treatment plan depends on how serious your symptoms are. Most hemorrhoid treatments and home remedies are safe for pregnant women. Dr. Hemant Garg provides the best fissure treatment and fistula treatment in Jaipur. In addition to Fissure Surgery and Fistula Surgery, he is also the Best Piles Doctor in Jaipur.


Diet plays a significant role in the management and prevention of hemorrhoids. By incorporating high-fiber foods, staying hydrated, and avoiding irritants like spicy foods, alcohol, and caffeine, When you choose Dr. Hemant Garg for your piles care, you can rest assured that you are in the hands of a trusted specialist who is dedicated to your well-being. His expertise, compassionate approach, and positive patient outcomes make him the top choice for piles care in Jaipur.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Welcome to Dr Hemant Garg Clinic!